Campylobacter is well recognized as the leading cause of bacterial foodborne diarrheal disease worldwide. Symptoms can range from mild to serious infections of the children and the elderly and permanent neurological symptoms. The organism is a cytochrome oxidase positive, microaerophilic, curved Gram-negative rod exhibiting corkscrew motility and is carried in the intestine of many wild and domestic animals, particularly avian species including poultry. Intestinal colonization results in healthy animals as carriers. In contrast with the most recent published reviews that cover specific aspects of Campylobacter/campylobacteriosis, this broad review aims at elucidating and discussing the (i) genus Campylobacter, growth and survival characteristics; (ii) detection, isolation and confirmation of Campylobacter; (iii) campylobacteriosis and presence of virulence factors; and (iv) colonization of poultry and control strategies.
Keywords: Campylobacter spp., foodborne pathogens, virulence factors, antimicrobial susceptibility, control measures
Citation: Silva J, Leite D, Fernandes M, Mena C, Gibbs PA and Teixeira P (2011) Campylobacter spp. as a foodborne pathogen: a review. Front. Microbio. 2:200. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2011.00200
Received: 08 June 2011;
Accepted: 07 September 2011;
Published online: 27 September 2011.
Edited by:Kostas Koutsoumanis, Aristotle University, Greece
Reviewed by:Sandra Torriani, Università degli Studi di Verona, Italy
Copyright: © 2011 Silva, Leite, Fernandes, Mena, Gibbs and Teixeira. This is an open-access article subject to a non-exclusive license between the authors and Frontiers Media SA, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited and other Frontiers conditions are complied with.
*Correspondence: Paula Teixeira, CBQF/Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, R. Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org