Although telerehabilitation systems represent one of the most technologically appealing clinical solutions for the immediate future, they still present limitations that prevent their standardization. Here we propose an integrated approach that includes three key and novel factors: (a) fully immersive virtual environments, including virtual body representation and ownership; (b) multimodal interaction with remote people and virtual objects including haptic interaction; and (c) a physical representation of the patient at the hospital through embodiment agents (e.g., as a physical robot). The importance of secure and rapid communication between the nodes is also stressed and an example implemented solution is described. Finally, we discuss the proposed approach with reference to the existing literature and systems.
Keywords: virtual reality, telemedicine, teleneurology, neurorehabilitation, body ownership, multisensory correlations, haptics, rubber hand illusion
Citation: Perez-Marcos D, Solazzi M, Steptoe W, Oyekoya O, Frisoli A, Weyrich T, Steed A, Tecchia F, Slater M and Sanchez-Vives MV (2012) A fully immersive set-up for remote interaction and neurorehabilitation based on virtual body ownership. Front. Neur. 3:110. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2012.00110
Received: 23 April 2012; Accepted: 19 June 2012;
Published online: 10 July 2012.
Edited by:Steven Levine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, USA
Reviewed by:Kumar Rajamani, Wayne State University, USA
Copyright: © 2012 Perez-Marcos, Solazzi, Steptoe, Oyekoya, Frisoli, Weyrich, Steed, Tecchia, Slater and Sanchez-Vives. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited and subject to any copyright notices concerning any third-party graphics etc.
*Correspondence: Daniel Perez-Marcos, Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, C/Roselló 149-153, 08036 Barcelona, Spain. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org