Review ARTICLE

Front. Neurol., 07 April 2014 | http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2014.00030

Ischemic posterior circulation stroke: a review of anatomy, clinical presentations, diagnosis, and current management

  • 1Department of Neurology, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, IL, USA
  • 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Advocate Christ Medical Center, Oak Lawn, IL, USA

Posterior circulation strokes represent approximately 20% of all ischemic strokes (1, 2). In contrast to the anterior circulation, several differences in presenting symptoms, clinical evaluation, diagnostic testing, and management strategy exist presenting a challenge to the treating physician. This review will discuss the anatomical, etiological, and clinical classification of PC strokes, identify diagnostic pitfalls, and overview current therapeutic regimens.

Keywords: posterior circulation, stroke, basilar artery, vertebral artery, stroke management

Citation: Nouh A, Remke J and Ruland S (2014) Ischemic posterior circulation stroke: a review of anatomy, clinical presentations, diagnosis, and current management. Front. Neurol. 5:30. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2014.00030

Received: 15 November 2013; Accepted: 04 March 2014;
Published online: 07 April 2014.

Edited by:

Edward Manno, Cleveland Clinic, USA

Reviewed by:

Joseph D. Burns, Boston University, USA
Ira Chang, Swedish Medical Center, USA
Venkatesh Aiyagari, UT Southwestern Medical Center, USA

Copyright: © 2014 Nouh, Remke and Ruland. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

*Correspondence: Sean Ruland, Department of Neurology, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago, 2160 S. 1st Avenue, Building 105, Room 2700, Maywood, Chicago, IL 60153, USA e-mail: sruland@lumc.edu