Significant resources around the world have been invested in neuroimaging studies of brain function and disease. Easier access to this large body of work should have profound impact on research in cognitive neuroscience and psychiatry, leading to advances in the diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric and neurological disease. A trend toward increased sharing of neuroimaging data has emerged in recent years. Nevertheless, a number of barriers continue to impede momentum. Many researchers and institutions remain uncertain about how to share data or lack the tools and expertise to participate in data sharing. The use of electronic data capture (EDC) methods for neuroimaging greatly simplifies the task of data collection and has the potential to help standardize many aspects of data sharing. We review here the motivations for sharing neuroimaging data, the current data sharing landscape, and the sociological or technical barriers that still need to be addressed. The INCF Task Force on Neuroimaging Datasharing, in conjunction with several collaborative groups around the world, has started work on several tools to ease and eventually automate the practice of data sharing. It is hoped that such tools will allow researchers to easily share raw, processed, and derived neuroimaging data, with appropriate metadata and provenance records, and will improve the reproducibility of neuroimaging studies. By providing seamless integration of data sharing and analysis tools within a commodity research environment, the Task Force seeks to identify and minimize barriers to data sharing in the field of neuroimaging.
Keywords: brain imaging, data sharing, standards, magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI, EEG-MEG
Citation: Poline J-B, Breeze JL, Ghosh S, Gorgolewski KF, Halchenko YO, Hanke M, Haselgrove C, Helmer KG, Keator DB, Marcus DS, Poldrack RA, Schwartz Y, Ashburner J and Kennedy DN (2012) Data sharing in neuroimaging research. Front. Neuroinform. 6:9.doi: 10.3389/fninf.2012.00009
Received: 13 October 2011; Accepted: 09 March 2012;
Published online: 05 April 2012.
Edited by:Jessica A. Turner, Mind Research Network, Albuquerque, USA
Reviewed by:Lars Schwabe, University of Rostock, Germany
Copyright: © 2012 Poline, Breeze, Ghosh, Gorgolewski, Halchenko, Hanke, Haselgrove, Helmer, Keator, Marcus, Poldrack, Schwartz, Ashburner and Kennedy. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial License, which permits non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited.
*Correspondence: Jean-Baptiste Poline, Neurospin, Bat. 145, CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette, 91191, France.
Henry Wheeler Brain Imaging Center, 10 Giannini Hall, UC Berkeley, CA, USA. e-mail: email@example.com