Mini Review ARTICLE
The CELLULOSE SYNTHASE-LIKE A and CELLULOSE SYNTHASE-LIKE C families: recent advances and future perspectives
- 1 Biology Department, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, MI, USA
- 2 Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
The CELLULOSE SYNTHASE (CESA) superfamily of proteins contains several sub-families of closely related CELLULOSE SYNTHASE-LIKE (CSL) sequences. Among these, the CSLA and CSLC families are closely related to each other and are the most evolutionarily divergent from the CESA family. Significant progress has been made with the functional characterization of CSLA and CSLC genes, which have been shown to encode enzymes with 1,4-β-glycan synthase activities involved in the biosynthesis of mannan and possibly xyloglucan backbones, respectively. This review examines recent work on the CSLA and CSLC families from evolutionary, molecular, and biochemical perspectives. We pose a series of questions, whose answers likely will provide further insight about the specific functions of members of the CSLA and CSLC families and about plant polysaccharide biosynthesis is general.
Keywords: CELLULOSE SYNTHASE-LIKE, mannan, xyloglucan, CSLA, CSLC, plant cell wall
Citation: Liepman AH and Cavalier DM (2012) The CELLULOSE SYNTHASE-LIKE A and CELLULOSE SYNTHASE-LIKE C families: recent advances and future perspectives. Front. Plant Sci. 3:109. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2012.00109
Received: 18 March 2012; Accepted: 07 May 2012;
Published online: 24 May 2012.
Edited by:Jose Manuel Estevez, University of Buenos Aires and CONICET, Argentina
Reviewed by:Yong-Ling Ruan, The University of Newcastle, Australia
Liangcai Peng, Huazhong Agricultural University, China
Copyright: © 2012 Liepman and Cavalier. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial License, which permits non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited.
*Correspondence: David M. Cavalier, Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Michigan State University, 612 Wilson Road, Room 110 Plant Biology Laboratories, East Lansing, MI 48826, USA. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org