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Perspective ARTICLE

Front. Mol. Neurosci., 28 March 2008 | http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/neuro.02.002.2008

E-I balance and human diseases - from molecules to networking

RNA Editing and Hyperexcitability Disorders Helmholtz Group, Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany
Information transfer in the brain requires a homeostatic control of neuronal excitability. Therefore, a functional balance between excitatory and inhibitory systems is established during development. This review contains recent information about the molecular mechanisms orchestrating the establishment and maintenance of this excitation-inhibition (E-I) balance, and it reviews examples of deregulation of inhibitory and excitatory systems at a molecular, network and disease level of investigation.
Keywords:
inhibition, excitation, E-I balance, autism, mental retardation, epilepsy, schizophrenia, Alzheimerquotidns disease
Citation:
Eichler SA and Meier JC (2008). E-I balance and human diseases - from molecules to networking. Front. Mol. Neurosci. 1:2. doi: 10.3389/neuro.02.002.2008
Received:
22 January 2008;
 Paper pending published:
29 January 2008;
Accepted:
30 January 2008;
 Published online:
28 March 2008.

Edited by:

Robert J. Harvey, University of London, UK

Reviewed by:

Alaa El-Husseini, University of British Columbia, Canada
Copyright:
© 2008 Eichler and Meier. This is an open-access article subject to an exclusive license agreement between the authors and the Frontiers Research Foundation, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and source are credited.
*Correspondence:
Jochen C. Meier, Neuroscience Department, Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Robert-Rössle-Strasse 10, 13092 Berlin, Germany. e mail: jochen.meier@mdc-berlin.de