Lignocellulosic biomass derived from energy crops and agricultural residues is a promising renewable resource for the production of transportation fuels and other bio-based materials. One issue at hand is the capture of sufficient and sustainable quantities of biomass. Accordingly, several different plant species are under investigation with a particular concentration on perennial grasses and short rotation woody crops. A second bottleneck to the commercial exploitation of plant feedstocks is the recalcitrance of the cell wall to conversion into fermentable sugars. In recent years there has been significant research effort worldwide focusing on increasing our understanding of the complex plant cell walls with the aim of facilitating molecular breeding and genetic engineering of plant biomass optimized for biofuel production. In this Research Topic we welcome Mini-Reviews, Commentaries, Opinions, and Original Research articles describing current fundamental science and future perspectives on the development and utilization of renewable biomass feedstocks. We welcome high-quality contributions that fit within this framework.
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.
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